Welsh wound Innovation Centre

Pressure Ulcers

Patient Information Video

This video was produced by Shropcommunityhealth, and refers to the 5 key messages to prevent pressure ulcers.

What is a Pressure Ulcer?

Pressure ulcers are commonly known as pressure sores or bed sores, and they most often affect people confined to bed or a chair. Pressure ulcers can vary in appearance and can be superficial or deep. Skin may be intact, appear as an abrasion or a deep opening in the skin. They usually occur over bony prominences such as the base of the spine, buttocks, heels or hips.

What is a Pressure Ulcer

How is it caused?

 Pressure ulcer forms where bones cause the greatest force on the skin. This results in localised damage to the skin and underlying skin, and is usually caused by:

  • Pressure - caused by sitting or lying in one position for too long
  • Shearing - caused by the body sliding down the bed or chair
  • Friction - caused by skin rubbing on the bed or chair.

What treatment will I receive?

The treatment you receive will depend on how bad your ulcer is.

Your wound will be measured and treated with the appropriate dressing.

What can I do to aid healing and prevent recurrence?

  • Reduce risk of pressure to one area by moving or changing position frequently (every 2-3 hours as a minimum).
  • If you are in an armchair or wheelchair you will need to take the weight off your bottom every 15 minutes
  • Use appropriate aids such as air filled mattresses, boots and seat cushions. Ask which equipment is most suitable for you.
  • Eat an adequate diet and drinking enough fluids, especially those high in protein such as milk, fish and eggs.
Pressure Ulcer Prevention

Nottingham City Care Partnership produced this great video guide for patients and carers

SKIN Bundle for Community Carers

Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board produced this great video for Community carers using the SKIN bundle approach. 


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March 5 2024



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